Knitting, Dying and Printing Processes
It is essential to note that dying, knitting and printing tends to be essential especially on matters pertaining how a fabric appears and feel. Dyeing, for example, is the process where color tends to be imparted on a cloth. Yard dying tends to be done before knitting and is mainly done with the intention of producing plaids, gingham checks, woven stripes, as well as many other special effects. Piece dyeing is used when the fabric in question is needed in one solid color hence one would need to avoid it where he or she needs to mix up colors. The piece tends to be passed through padded rollers with the intention of spreading color evenly through the piece of cloth and at the same time remove excess liquid.
Package dyeing is yet another common method of yarn dyeing which involves winding of yarn on perforated cylinders which are then placed on vertical spindles on around dying machine. The dye tends to be forced from the outside into the packages while more dye is forced from the inside out under pressure. Printing has also incorporated use of computers with the intention of increasing accuracy. It can be easy to print fabrics especially where one has the right skill and the right people. With this type of printing, it is possible for one to yield 50 to 100 yards per minute.
Automatic screen printing is yet another method of printing which involves ensuring colored design on the fabric. When it comes to dealing with larger fabrics, one would need to ensure automatic screen printing although he or she would need to know that the process tends to be slower when compared with most printing methods. Flatbed screen printing tends to be reproduced on a fine mesh of screen with each mesh supposed to deal with a single color. In case there is any part that is not to be covered with the dye, it tends to be covered with some dye resistant coating or a lacquer. With the right skill, the right method, and the right machine, it is possible to print up to 16 colors on one fabric.
The fabric production also demands good finishing for a long-lasting printing effect. One would also need to note that there are hundreds of finishes that one can apply on the textile. One would need to note that cotton tend to be properly finished when compared to other types of fabrics. Among the things finishing does on a clothing includes adding water repellency, flame resistance, shrinkage control or any other effect one would need to ensure on a fabric in question. It also tends to be possible to add more than one finish to a given clothing for various reasons.